We have successfully characterized a three-node resting state fMRI network that underlies language processing. In addition to sharing equivalents of well-known Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas, this three-node network shows stronger connectivity in the left hemisphere (Hurley et al., 2015) and specifically includes the left anterior temporal lobe, a critical region important in specific name retrieval. Based upon the resting state fMRI network and its expanded connectivity, we are examining network impairment in individuals with PPA. This project is funded by a five-year K23 (career development) award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Results related to the first aim of the grant were published in March 2017 (Bonakdarpour, et al., 2017), when we demonstrated that in persons with mild PPA resting state fMRI network connectivity was impaired, even in the absence of structural changes. Resting state fMRI, therefore, seems to have a promising ability to help us understand abnormal network connectivity in PPA individuals and can complement structural evaluations using brain MRI. Results from our area of study will help us locate targets for neuromodulatory treatments such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and better evaluate the effect of therapeutic interventions.
- Dave, S., VanHaerents, S., Bonakdarpour, B., Mesulam, M. M., & Voss, J. L. (2022). Stimulation of distinct parietal locations differentiates frontal versus hippocampal network involvement in memory formation. Current Research in Neurobiology, 3, 100030. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crneur.2022.100030
- Grasso SM, Peña ED, Kazemi N, Mirzapour H, Neupane R, Bonakdarpour B, Gorno-Tempini ML, Henry ML. Treatment for Anomia in Bilingual Speakers with Progressive Aphasia. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(11):1371. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11111371
- Mesulam M.M., Thompson C.K., Bonakdarpour B., Gefen T., Rogalski E. Weintraub S. (2021) Nosology of Primary Progressive Aphasia and Neuropathology of Language, In Dino Getti’s Frontotemporal Dementias,Springer Nature
- Clarke EC, Bonakdarpour B. Challenges in diagnosis of primary progressive aphasia. BMJ Case Rep. 2019;12(11):e230630. Published 2019 Nov 10. doi:10.1136/bcr-2019-230630
- Apple AC, Mao Q, Bigio E, Bonakdarpour B. Sleep talking and primary progressive aphasia: case study and autopsy findings in a patient with logopenic primary progressive aphasia and dementia with Lewy bodies. BMJ Case Rep. 2019;12(5):e228938. Published 2019 May 27. doi:10.1136/bcr-2018-228938
Meet the pioneers of primary progressive aphasia research (April 2022, Northwestern Now)
How Aphasia Steals the Ability to Communicate (March 2022, The New York Times)
What is aphasia? Bruce Willis announcement sheds light on disorder with many causes (March 2022, ABC News Chicago)
- Everything You Need to Know About Aphasia (March 2022, AARP)
What is aphasia, what causes it, and how to treat it? (March 2022, CNBC)
- Updates on Primary Progressive Aphasia, Lecture presented for the Global Neurology Institute (GNI), January, 2022.
- Garjani, M., Barbieri E., Rogalski E., Weintraub S., Mesulam, M., Bonakdarpour B. (2021) Neural Mechanisms Underlying Naming IN Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia. Abstract presented at the ANA Annual Meeting, October, 2021 (virtual).
- Grasso, S, Peña E, Kazemi N, Mirzapour, H, Neupane R, Bonakdarpour B, Gorno-Tempini, Henry, M. (2021) “Treatment for Anomia in Bilingual Speakers with Progressive Aphasia.” Abstract presented at the AAIC2021.
- May 4, 2022: Bonakdarpour Lab and the Northwestern Music and Medicine program will attend the Northwestern 28th Annual Alzheimer Day and present on current research and initiatives during the poster session. For more information, please visit the conference website.
For a list of publications from this lab, please click here.
MATLAB Scripts for Resting State fMRI Analysis (Written by Hernando Fereira)